Brompton by Sawdon Parish lies on the northern edge of the Vale of Pickering. It comprises the two villages of Brompton by Sawdon (the larger) and Sawdon, together with surrounding farm land. The parish has a population of around 480 people.

Brompton by Sawdon is traversed by the A170, Scarborough to Thirsk road and is about 8 miles from Scarborough. Sawdon lies about 2 miles to the north of Brompton in an elevated position.

Most of Brompton by Sawdon is in a Conservation Area, which has a controlling influence on changes and developments. Part of Sawdon is within a Conservation area and part lies within the North York Moors National Park. These factors also control changes and developments within the village.

Brompton by Sawdon has a well regarded community school, butchers shop, two cafes and a weekly Post Office. There is a well used village hall and All Saints Church is a grade 1 listed building, where William Wordsworth was married.

An area to the south of the village, known as The Butts, is a designated village green, used by both locals and visitors. The area is owned and managed by the Parish Council.

Sawdon has a post office, a well supported village hall and a well regarded public house/restaurant. The village hall committee have an ambitious plan to replace the existing hall, subject to funding.

There are a number of working farms within the parish and agriculture has an important role in shaping the countryside within the Parish.